The Different Types of medical specialist jobs

by billmason on July 5, 2011

The medical field is probably on of the broadest fields in science, with various kinds of medical specialist jobs under it. Although medicine only studies one single species, the human being, it is made up of several sub fields and specialties that medical professionals can choose to specialize in. So here are a few of the most common kinds of medical specialist fields in the field today.

Internal medicine

This particular field specializes in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases in adults. This may be a subfield of medicine but still, there are many other sub-specializations under internal med. Most of the time, the diseases that they encounter involve multi-systemic problems and even undifferentiated diseases. Doctors who specialize in internal medicine are called internists.

Emergency medicine

Doctors who specialize in emergency medicine are specifically trained in treating patients that require immediate medical attention. They are the people that you see in hospital emergency rooms. Most of the time, they are never the ones to give patients long term care and treatment. Instead, after patients go out of the ER and are admitted to a room, they are assigned a different physician. Just like internal medicine, this field has several sub specializations under it such as sports medicine, emergency medicine, wilderness medicine and so on and so forth.

Family medicine

This field is devoted solely to treating and caring for people of all ages – from adults to the toddlers in the family. Family medicine focuses on and promotes two specific practices and that is disease prevention and the health promotion. Those practicing this field deal with various kinds of diseases among different types and ages of patients. They are considered to play an important role in the healthcare system of any country


This branch of medicine deals specifically with diseases and health promotion of the skin. Aside from this, some dermatologists also specialize in other sub medical specialist jobs under the field such as cosmetic dermatology. Dermatology can also be divided according to the patient’s age such as the pediatric dermatology which specializes in treating patients in younger age brackets.

Obstetrics and Gynecology

Although these are two different fields, they almost always come hand in hand because they deal with one single patient: the human female. Obstetrics specializes in pregnant women while gynecology is more focused on the treatment of diseases related to the female reproductive system in the non-pregnant state.


Anesthesiologists are responsible for the pre-operative care of patients. Before any surgery is done, anesthesiologists create an anesthetic plan that will involve the calculation of the right amount of anesthetics that should be applied and at what point in time during the operation they are given. Some countries allow nurses to administer the anesthesia before the operation but the anesthesia plan is always done by a physician-anesthesiologist.

Although they may seem as very different fields, all of these medical specialist jobs are actually all inter-related. Thus, every specialist needs to work hand in hand with other fields in order to cure diseases and promote health in general.

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